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       Adromischus cristatus   Aeonium Aloes Agave Aptenia  Bryophyllum 

Carpobrotus Crassula Delosperma 

 Disphyma Drosanthemum Echeveria Faucaria 

Rebutia Graptopetalum Haworthia Kalanchoe Lampranthus Portulacaria Sedum Senecio




Adromischus cristatus 


 Endemic to the eastern cape of South Africa. It is a perennial with short erect branches 20–50 mm long covered with fine aerial roots. Leaves are green to grey-green, with undulating margin, and generally measuring 20-40 x 5–13 mm. During the springtime, it sends up long narrow stalks for its flowers, which are tubular in shape and white in color with hints of red. Common names for this plant include "Key Lime Pie" and "Crinkle Leaf Plant."


Adromischus maculatus:


Small, flat grey-green leaves heavily blotched with deep crimson. Clumping succulent rosettes. Part shade. Tender soft succulent - will not tolerate frost. 



Aeonium (tree houseleek) is a genus of about 35 species of succulent, subtropical plants of the family Crassulaceae. The name comes from the ancient Greek "aionos" (ageless).

While most of them are native to the Canary Islands, some are found in Madeira, Morocco.
The rosette leaves are on a basal stem. Low-growing Aeonium species are A. tabuliforme and A. smithii; large species include A. arboreum, A. valverdense and A. holochrysum.
Aeonium are not frost-resistant.  Aeoniums require little water (irrigation every 15 days) and in winter watering can be reduced to up to two months to survive cold conditions. It needs sun or partial shade. In general the green aeoniums prefer some shade - the purple ones like full sun. They will not withstand frost and extreme temperatures. In the summer they must be outside for good growth,   The aeonium does not require a particular soil but it must be free draining. In sandy soils compacted plant grows best. It grows well in direct ground or in pots. When the plant is located directly on the ground the plants need shelter from the direct sun (especially if they have been indoors for the winter) and frost or low winter temperatures.



Aeonium arboreum

Aeonium arboreum, (syn. Sempervivum arboreum), the tree aeonium, tree houseleek, or Irish rose, is a succulent, subtropical subshrub of the genus Aeonium.

It is native to the hillsides of the Canary Islands.

It bears rosettes of leaves and large pyramidal panicles of bright yellow flowers in the spring

It needs to be grown under glass.

The purple form 'Zwartkop' ('Schwartzkopf') has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

There is also a white variety (var. albovariegatum).




aeonium kiwi

Aeonium 'Kiwi' is a highly attractive tender plant that forms rosettes of fleshy leaves with a brilliant colour.

They are yellow in the centre, turning green progressively towards the outside of the rosette.

This delightful plant also has red edges to the leaves. The succulent develops yellow flowers in the summer once established.



 Aeonium decorum tricolor

A lovely  branching plant ,with bright red  /pink leaves

variegated with yellow grows as a bush 35cm hig flowers are best pruned off as they grow badly after flowering .good to -1



Aeonium undulatum,

A succulent, evergreen subshrub, is one of the larger species of aeonium with the rosette often over a metre from the ground on a single stem.

Other rosettes do not branch off this stem (normally) but grow from the bottom, unlike most aeoniums.

The plant is monocarpic so the flowering stem will die when it flowers which is normally after about 5 years.

The specific epithet undulatum comes from the Latin unda, meaning "wave" and refers to the wavy leaves.

 The common name "saucer plant" is applied to this and other plants of a similar habit. 

In temperate regions this plant is grown under glass.

It has gained the Royal

Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.



Aeonium arboreum 'Schwarzkopff'

A purple succulent A much sought after deep purple (almost black) perennial succulent (height 60cm/1.9ft, spread 90cm/3ft) that brings colour to the garden all year round with several stems bearing rosettes of foliage, and gold yellow flowers on mature plants in the spring .

A neat, slow growing specimen for a water deficient spot or pot -it should be planted in sun or light shade in a very well drained soil, and should be protected from frost.



Aeonium Sunburst

beautiful variegated Aeonium

A  variegated cultivar differing from tricolour in that the leaves are narrower, flatter and less incurved,

A beautiful succulent (max height 80cm/2.6ft, max spread 60cm/1.9ft) with green,

yellow and pink tipped leaves. This stunning variegation is joined by white/yellow flowers

in April and May for even more interest.

It will grow best in a bright room, greenhouse or very warm, sheltered sunny position

 i.e. with some direct sunlight. It should be protected from frosts/the coldest temperatures-1. 




is a genus containing over 500 species of flowering succulent plants.  The most widely known species is Aloe vera, or "true aloe", so called because it is cultivated as the standard source of so-called "aloe Vera" for assorted pharmaceutical purposes there are many other species



Aloe aristata

Torch Plant and Lace Aloe.

     An evergreen perennial, forming rosettes of fleshy lance-shaped leaves spotted with white and tipped with a soft white spine. Tubular, orange-red flowers in autumn.  

 Ideal Conditions: Prefers full sun, or partial shade with moist soil or compost.  

 :Perfectly suited for planting in gravel gardens, paved areas, rockeries and small containers.

 Try mixing with other succulents and alpines.




Aloe vera

An evergreen perennial, it originates from the Arabian Peninsula but grows wild in tropical climates around the world and is cultivated for agricultural and medicinal uses.

The species is also used for decorative purposes and grows successfully indoors as a potted plant.
It is found in many consumer products including beverages, skin lotion, cosmetics, or ointments for minor burns and sunburns. 
Aloe vera is a stemless or very short-stemmed plant growing to 60–100 cm (24–39 in) tall, spreading by offsets.

 The leaves are thick and fleshy, green to grey-green, with some varieties showing white flecks on their upper and lower stem surfaces. The margin of the leaf is serrated and has small white teeth. The flowers are produced in summer on a spike up to 90 cm (35 in) tall, each flower being pendulous, with a yellow tubular corolla 2–3 cm (0.8–1.2 in) long



Aloe brevifolia 

(Kleinaalwyn, short-leaved aloe) is a species of flowering plant in the family Asphodelaceae.

It is a tiny, compact, blue-green evergreen succulent perennial, that is native to the Western Cape,

 South Africa. Listed as Vulnerable on IUCN's global Red List, it is threatened in its natural habitat,


 Aloe imalotensi or speckled aloe

Most Aloe species have a rosette of large, thick, fleshy leaves.

 Aloe flowers are tubular, frequently yellow, orange, pink, or red, and are borne,

 densely clustered and pendant, at the apex of simple or branched, leafless stems.

Many species of Aloe appear to be stemless, with the rosette growing directly at ground level;

 other varieties may have a branched or unbranched stem from which the fleshy leaves spring.

They vary in colour from grey to bright-green and are sometimes striped or mottled. .

 The succulent stems cope well with dry positions.











Anacampseros rufescens 







is a small, perennial succulent plant with olive green, narrow,

 pointed leaves arranged in a spiraling rosette. In shaded or partially shaded positions the leaves

are olive green in colour while in sunlight the leaves are a dark reddish-brown to purple.

As the plant matures and produces more rosettes,


is a genus of monocots native to the hot and arid regions of Mexico and the southern United States.

Some agaves are also native to tropical areas of South America. The plants are perennial, but each rosette flowers once and then dies  . Some species are known by the name century plant 



Agave americana, century plant, was introduced into southern Europe about the middle of the 16th century, and is now widely cultivated as an ornamental, as it is in the Americas. In the variegated forms, the leaf has a white or yellow marginal or central stripe. As the leaves unfold from the center of the rosette, the impression of the marginal spines is conspicuous on the still erect younger leaves. The plants require protection from frost. They mature very slowly and die after flowering, but are easily propagated by the offsets from the base of the stem.

Agave tequilana

(agave azul or blue agave) is used in the production of tequila.

Agave nectar (also called agave syrup), a sweetener derived from the sap, is used as
Each rosette is monocarpic and grows slowly to flower only once. During flowering, a tall stem   After development of fruit, the original plant dies,but suckers are frequently produced from the base of the stem, which become new plants.
It is a common misconception that agaves are cacti. They are not related to cacti, nor are they closely related to Aloe whose leaves are similar in appearance.
Agave species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth)  The leaves also have sharp, spiked edges. The spikes discourage predators from eating the plant or using it as a source of water and are so tough that ancient peoples used them for sewing needles. The sap is acidic. Agaves bloom at a height up to 30 ft (9 m)  


Aptenia cordifolia

Aptenia 'Red Apple

 is a species of succulent plant in the iceplant family known

by the common names heartleaf iceplant[ and baby sun rose.


Perhaps the most common plant seen under this name is actually Aptenia 'Red Apple', a hybrid with red flowers and bright green leaves, whose parents are A. cordifolia and A. (Platythyra) haeckeliana. 
This is a mat-forming perennial herb growing in flat clumps on the ground from a woody base. Stems reach up to about 60 centimeters long. The bright green leaves are generally heart-shaped and up to 3 centimeters long. They are covered in very fine bumps. Bright pink to purplish flowers appear in the leaf axils and are open during the day. The fruit is a capsule just over a centimeter long.

  apt pink  to do




Bryophyllum daigremontianum,

 also called mother-of-millions, mother-of-thousands, alligator plant, or Mexican hat plant is a succulent plant native to Madagascar. Like other members of its genus Bryophyllum, it is able to propagate vegetatively from plantlets that develop on its phylloclade margins. All parts of the plant are poisonous (they contain daigremontianin and other bufadienolides), which can even be fatal if ingested by infants or small pets. ]Bryophyllum daigremontianum has an umbrella-like terminal inflorescence (a compound cyme) of small bell-shaped, grayish pink (or sometimes orange) flowers. Flowering is, however, not an annual event and occurs sporadically if at all on some shoots.  
As a succulent plant, B. daigremontianum can survive prolonged periods of drought with little or no water. It is however not frost-hardy and typically dies if subjected to temperatures below freezing.


Carpobrotus edulis



Carpobrotus edulis


is native to South Africa. It is also known as Hottentot-fig, ice plant, highway ice plant or pigface and in South Africa as the sour fig (suurvy; earlier: hotnotsvy), on account of its edible fruit.
It was previously classified in genus Mesembryanthemum and is sometimes referred to by this name.

used to make a type of soap.


Ceropegia woodii f. variegata 

Common Names include: 
ENGLISH: Rosary Vine, String of hearts, Chinese Lantern, Hearts-on-a-string, Sweetheart vine, Keepsake Heart, Chain of Hearts, Heart Strings, Collar of Hearts 




Cotyledon tomentosa 

(Bear's Paw) is a species of the Cotyledon genus. Cotyledon tomentosa, native to Africa, has large chunky ovate fuzzy green leaves with prominent "teeth" at tips that give the impression of bear's paws. It forms large orange bell-shaped flowers in spring. In habitat in Africa, Cotyledons usually grow in rocky quartz fields where they have excellent drainage provided by very porous soil. They thrive with bright light and ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Water with caution in winter, as the plant can lose its roots if the soil stays cold and wet for extended periods. They are dormant in summer. Protect from frost



Crassula is a genus of succulent plants containing about 1480 accepted species, including the popular jade plant (Crassula ovata).

They are native to many parts of the globe, but cultivated varieties originate almost exclusively from species from the Eastern Cape of South Africa.

Crassulas are usually propagated by stem or leaf cuttings. Most cultivated forms will tolerate some small degree of frost, but extremes of cold or heat will cause them to lose foliage and die., such as Aloe ferox, also are cultivated or harvested from the wild for similar applications.





Crassula sarcocaulis


easy to grow, but they are susceptible to mealy bugs and fungal diseases. As with all succulents, over watering is sure to be fatal, so err on the side of too dry rather than too wet. Never let your Crassula sit in water. If you water from beneath by letting the plant sit in a saucer of water, make sure to pour off any excess water after a few minutes.

strange smell to the flowers

easy to Bonsai 


Crassula perforate

 The most important thing to realise is not to give too much water, water every few days as this can harm the plant, and it's not good for the shape of the plant.
The plant will grow too fast and it will lose its beauty. When the soil is too wet there is also the possibility that the roots will rot. Let the soil dry out properly before you water it again. at the  end of October till the end of February there is so little light that the plant hardly needs any water. Maybe once or twice in this period you can put the plant on a dish with some water on it, so that only the bottom part of the pot will absorb some water. This should be sufficient.
Please do not water the plant as much as during the rest of the year 



Crassula ovata Gollum

'Gollum' Jade: Considered a monstrose or mutated form of Jade. Tubular leaves have red tinged suction cup like tips. Star shaped white flowers. Bright light to full sun. Drought tolerant. Tender soft succulent - will not tolerate frost.


Crassula muscosa 
Crassula lycopodioides


Crassula muscosa also named Crassula lycopodioides is a succulent plant native to South Africa and Namibia, belonging to the family of Crassulaceae and to the genus Crassula. It is a houseplant grown worldwide and commonly known as Rattail Crassula, Watch Chain, Lizard's Tail, Zipper Plant and Princess Pine. 
Crassula muscosa has very small, light green leaves that are densely packed around a thin stem, and the arrangement of the leaves around the stems gives them a square shape. It grows as an intricate bush with very small yellow-green flowers, with a maximum height of 15-20 cm. It is an invasive species and easily propagated from stem cuttings. 
Crassula muscosa is native to South Africa (the Cape Provinces, the Free State and the Northern Provinces) and Namibia



Crassula rupestris

“This differs from C. ‘Jade Necklace’ in its thinner, more pendent stems. The leaves are brightly edged with rd. It thrives in the ground in light shade or frostless areas but is at its best in a basket or hanging pot.”


Crassula Capitella Campfire

Minimum Temp: 28 Exposure: Part Shade 
Water: Deeply but infrequently

Type: Evergreen Persistence: Evergreen
Height: 1 foot Spread: 2-3 feet Growth Rate: Slow
Blooms: Summer Flowers: White Seasonal: --

Glowing yellow-orange leaves
Offsets quickly forming wide mats
Winter grower-semi-dormant in summer
Propagate by stem cuttings
Needs strong light but not hot afternoon sun to color properly
Outdoors in summer, indoors/greenhouse for protection in winter when temps drop below freezing to prevent scarring
Reduce water in Autumn and even more in winter


Crassula capitella

'Red Pagoda', 
"Eye-catching, Crassula capitella 'Red Pagoda' is a branching succulent with densely stacked, fleshy, triangular chartreuse leaves adorned with bright crimson tips.

 Their color is brightest in winter in response to long cool nights and bright sunlight. drought tolerant plant, Mediterranean plant,Crassula corymbulosa 'Red Pagoda' d bright sunlight.


Crassula pellucida

 ssp. marginalis f. rubra variegata

Calico Kitten

 A delightful little trailing plant, with masses of small multicoloured fleshy leaves, which are green with yellow margins when young, maturing to deep red with pink edges. This is best displayed in a hanging basket, or a container on a windowsill. Likes well-drained gritty compost, and full sun.





Crassula rupestris


  common name Jade Necklace or Chinese Pagoda, is a species of succulent in the genus Crassula belonging to the family Crassulaceae.

  a slow-growing small plant reaching a height of 15–20 cm. The thick rounded leaves are green with red edges. They are tightly stacked along the stem and store water, as they are covered with a cuticle to limit the evaporation. An inflorescence with small star-shaped pink-tinged flowers may appear on mature plants in winter if they are given proper conditions of temperature. This plant prefers direct light and as a houseplant is very easy to maintain.
This species is native to South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland.


Crassula ovata

This is probably the best known as MoneyPlant jade plant  Crassula as it tolerates a certain amount of neglect. Specimens are seen on window-ledges and in offices everywhere. With proper care the plant can become a large 6-8 ft shrub, with fragrant flowers during the Winter if kept just frost free. The thick stems branch sparingly at the base, but more freely as the plant matures. The brittle, jointed stems have obovate green leaves, becoming reddened in full sun. Native to the Western Cape of South Africa.



 Light shade to full sun, generally needs full sun part of the day to bloom

Origin: South Africa (Cape Province to KwaZulu-Natal)

Growth Habits: Succulent shrub, 4 feet tall (1.2 m)

or use for a trailing plant

  Regular water in summer

fairly drought tolerant 



   Crassula tetragona
is a succulent plant native to Southern Africa. It is popularly named the "miniature pine tree" among ornamental plant enthusiasts, for its popular use as a "pine tree" in Bonsai.

The plant is erect or spreads shrub less to 1 m (3 ft). Leaves are green to dark green in color with white flowers that come up in summer. used as a remedy for diarrhoea.
The plant requires a reasonable amount of water; more water is needed if flower buds are present. Most species prefer full sun, although some sub-species could be sensitive to too much sun. The plant is resistant to frost, but temperatures above 40 °F (4 °C) (6C) are best. The plant may be propagated from leaves and cuttings. It does not suffer from pests, other than the occasional mealy bug.

Crassula arborescens,

the silver jade, silver dollar plant, beestebul, Chinese jade, money plant, or money tree,
 is a species of succulent plant in the Crassulaceae family. It is an endemic plant of the Western Cape, South Africa. It is a 2 to 4 ft (0.6 to 1.2 m) succulent shrub. It has round gray "Silver Dollar" leaves. It blooms in winter, with white to pink flowers.  It is cultivated as an ornamental plant for use in drought tolerant and succulent gardens, and in container gardens. It is also suitable for growing indoors as a houseplant.

Crassula arborescens

 subsp. undulatifolia “Hankey”
Known as Ripple jade plant
This cultivar has blueish undulating leaves
Small to medium sized shrubs with very attractive evergreen foliage
Very hardy and easy to grow plants
Good bonsai subject


Crassula falcata


known by the common names airplane plant and propeller plant, is a succulent plant endemic to South Africa, from the Cape of Good Hope. The foliage is gray-green with striking texture, on plants that grow to 2 feet (0.61 m) tall. The flowers are tiny and scarlet red, that rise in dense clusters above the foliage for a month in summer. Crassula falcata is cultivated


Crassula Springtime


This succulent has fleshy green leaves that are densely packed around a thin stem, and the arrangement of the leaves around the stems gives them a square shape. It grows as an intricate bush with bright pink flowers, with a maximum height of 15-20 cm.
Lovely clusters of starry, light pink flowers appear in winter and contrast nicely with the small, dense, mounded silver foliage, it is very showy and one of the best Crassulas for pink flowers, a beauty!!! Description: Slow growing pretty hybrid up to 15 cm tall, good as ground cover or in hanging basket.


Crassula 'Pastel'

(Variegated Tom Thumb) is a Japanese variegated mutant of Crassula 'Tom Thumb'. It is a charming, miniature succulent plant up to 6 inches (15 cm) tall, with tiny, triangular leaves in opposing ranks on stems. The variegated leaves are up to 0.2 inch (5 mm) long and have colorful miniature, pagoda-like branching leaves , that looks like a mini, compact 'Necklace' or Crassula perforata variety. Even though regarded as a common crassula, that does not prevent it from being one of the most exquisite. It originates from a chance cross between Crassula rupestris ..
 rupestris (ssp. rupestris) and Crassula rupestris ssp. marnieriana and was found by W. J. Ruysch, The Netherlands. When in flower the plant is is only 10-12 cm in height, but grows well and should prove an interesting and worth while addition .







('delos'=evident, 'sperma'=seed) is a genus of around 100 species of succulent plants, formerly included in Mesembryanthemum in the family Aizoaceae.

The family is common in southern and eastern Africa. easy grown we grow several colours

good to -1



Disphyma australe



 Native Iceplant 
(Ground Cover)

Coastal creeping succulent. White-mauve flowers (summer).
Frost tender




("dewflowers") is a genus of succulent plants in the ice plant family native southern Africa.  
The name Drosanthemum means "Dew-flower" in Greek, and refers to the characteristic shiny translucent papillae, which cover the succulent leaves and flower buds 

Drosanthemum micans
Drosanthemum paxianum
Drosanthemum speciosum




family, native to semi-desert areas of Central America, Mexico and


Echeveria is a large genus of flowering plants in the Crassulaceae

 northwestern South America.Plants may be evergreen or deciduous. Flowers on short stalks (cymes) arise from compact rosettes of succulent fleshy, often brightly coloured leaves. Species are polycarpic, meaning that they may flower and set seed many times over the course of their lifetimes.   Often numerous offsets are produced, 

Many Echeveria species are popular as ornamental garden plants. They are drought-resistant, although they do better with regular deep watering and fertilizing. Most will tolerate shade and some frost, although hybrids tend to be less tolerant. Most lose their lower leaves in winter; as a result, after a few years, the plants lose their attractive, compact appearance and need to be re-rooted or propagated. In addition, if not removed, the shed leaves may decay, harboring fungus that can then infect the plant.



 Echeveria agavoides

is a species of flowering plant in the Crassulaceae family, native to rocky areas of Mexico,
E. agavoides is a small, stemless succulent plant, 8–12 cm (3–5 in) tall, with a rosette of leaves 7–15 cm (3–6 in) in diameter. It is often solitary, but old plants in good condition grow offsets. The leaves are green, triangular, thicker (6 mm) and more acute than the other echeverias - hence the explanation of their name agavoides, "looking like an agave". Some varieties with bright light have reddish (or bronze) tips and some forms have slightly red to very red margins. The inflorescences in summer appear on slender, single-sided cymes up to 50 cm (20 in) long. The flowers are pink, orange or red, the petals tipped with dark yellow
As with most echeverias, E. agavoides fears moisture and prefers mineral soils, growing best in light and even direct sunshine, which aids flowering. In order to flower, plants need rest in the winter, without water and in a cold place - but not less than 5 °C (41 °F). In temperate regions they must be kept indoors during winter, but may be placed outside during the summer months
Many hybrids have been created to obtain more brightly colored flowers or leaves.
The easiest methods of propagation are leaf cuttings and division of older plants.


Echeveria ‘Perle Von Nürnberg’


is a beautiful succulent that has interestingly colored acuminate leaves that are a pale grayish brown with pink highlights and have a white powdery dusting. The leaves overlap in solitary, up to 6 inches (15 cm) wide rosettes. The flowers are corral pink in color on the exterior with a yellow interior and appear in summer on 1 foot (30 cm) long reddish-stemmed inflorescences.

How to Grow and Care
Most of the common Echeveria species are not complicated succulents to grow, provided you follow a few basic rules. First, be careful never to let water sit in the rosette as it can cause rot or fungal diseases that will kill the plant. Additionally, remove dead leaves from the bottom of the plant as it grows. These dead leaves provide a haven for pests, and Echeveria are susceptible to mealy bugs. As with all succulents, careful watering habits and plenty of light will help ensure success. Most Echeveria can be easily propagated from leaf cuttings.
Repot as needed, preferably during the warm season. To repot a succulent, make sure the soil is dry before repotting, then gently remove the pot. Knock away the old soil from the roots, making sure to remove any rotted or dead roots in the process…


Echeveria imbricata


Tight rosettes of flat grey-green leaves that when mature, form offsets freely to produce large solid clumps. It has a branched arching inflorescence bearing clusters of red and yellow flowers in the spring and early summer. Ideal Conditions: Prefers full sun, or partial shade with free-draining soil or compost. Possible Situation: Perfectly suited for planting in gravel gardens, paved areas, rockeries and small containers. Try mixing with other succulents and alpines.


Echeveria derex

popular succulents that grow in attractive rosettes with beautiful leaves in a variety of colors and sometimes stunning flowers. These plants have been extensively hybridized, so in addition to the main species there are many varieties that have been specially bred for interesting leaf form and color. Light: Full sun. Perfect for a sunny window.
Water: Water during the summer and spring, making sure drainage is immaculate. Reduce water in the winter to monthly.
Temperature: Prefers average summer temps (65ºF - 70ºF). In winter, cool to 50ºF.
Soil: A well-drained succulent mix, with an ideal pH around 6.0 (slightly acidic).
Fertilizer: Feed with a controlled-release fertilizer in the beginning of the season or weekly with a weak liquid solution.


Echeveria prolifica

Echeveria prolifica is an evergreen spreading succulent with small rosettes of fleshy, plump, pale silvery-green leaves adorned with pink overtones.

In spring, it displays compact clusters of bright yellow flowers


Echeveria 'Black Prince'

Echeveria 'Black Prince' - (Black Hens and Chicks) - This succulent plant produces clumps of short rosettes up to 3 inches wide with thin dark triangular, blackish leaves. These leaves first emerge greenish but darken to a deep lavender brown and with age the lower leaves widen out to as much as 1 inch at the base with an acuminate tip that has fine yellow edges. In late autumn to early winter appear the dark red flowers on short stalks. Plant in full sun (best colour) or light shade in a well-drained soil with occasional irrigation in spring and summer months. Hardy to around 25°F.


Echeveria 'Doris Taylor'


The woolly rose is an attractive succulent that forms rosettes of pale-green, fleshy leaves covered with small white hairs. A low-maintenance succulent, the woolly rose can easily thrive if provided with the right conditions a stunning hairy leaved hybrid Echeveria which grows to about 15cm and then branches and offsets freely. This plant is quite hardy in Devon and ideal for temperate gardens. The flowers are an attractive orange-yellow on short stalks. It is a 1932 hybrid by W. Taylor (E. pulvinata x E. setosa).





Plush Plant

This soft little fuzzy succulent has beautiful leaf colour that adds interest to small gardens and pots. It is a rosette-forming species that hails from northern Mexico. This evergreen forms small asymmetrical rosettes comprised of fleshy, football-shaped leaves with a burnished-red cast along the leaf edges. The rosette will occasionally send out pups, or lateral plantlets. As these accumulate, the plant develops a mound-like habit.

This succulent has large, beautiful flowers, but it is not a heavy bloomer. In spring it sends up stems topped with orange, bell-shaped flowers with golden throats. Each stem may include many flowers that open at different times for a longer season of color. The blooms are highly attractive to hummingbirds.

Like most succulents, this plant prefers full sun and needs very porous soil, whether grown in a pot or a frost free rock garden. As plants age, they grow rangy but this can easily be remedied with careful pruning. The cuttings root easily in moist sand. Watering should be done sparingly as this is a very drought tolerant plant. Feed it occasionally from spring to summer occasionally with a liquid fertilizer solution at half strength.




Echeveria lola

Echevieria lola, or Mexican Hens and Chicks



Little known fact: Eceheveria lola is actually a hybrid two different Echeveria species and was created by a man named Dick Wright!
Plant it in a terracotta pot, but make sure it is not glazed. Glazed pottery retains water. Likewise, ensure the pot is on a saucer and that you remember to dump excess water from the saucer after watering. You don’t want to let the plant sit in it.

Give your lola as much sunlight as you can! Bring it outside during the sunny months if possible, or put it on a south-facing windowsill. While the plant is hardy, it will not tolerate frost so bring it inside if the temperature drops too low.

Water your lola every week or every other week during the growing season (summer), depending on the heat and dryness of the air. During the dormant season (winter), water it much less frequently. Ensure that the soil becomes completely dry between each watering. If you feel the need to fertilize (which should be rarely, maybe once a year), dilute the fertilizer to half strength and include it when you water.
Echeveria species are known colloquially as “hens and chicks” because they clone themselves into incredibly cute plant babies all the time! These “chicks” often hug tight to the mother, but can be removed and repotted whenever you like.



Echeveria purpusorum

is a small slow growing and unusual species. This also is a plant usually known as an Urbinia. It has glabrous, stem-less, succulent rosettes, up to 6-8 cm in diameter and tall, it stay usually solitary but it can offset to form a dense clump. Its attractiveness lies in the beautifully speckleds one of the slowest-growing Echeverias and it is necessary to cultivate it for many years to get a nice specimen. is one tough succulent. This means it's one of the easiest to care for. Just give it lots of sunlight, water sparingly and you're good to go! Its colors can change from green to brown to red all depending on the amount of light it gets. Plant Care: Sun Full sun Water Average .



Echeveria runyonii 'Topsy Turvy'

This cultivar is a mutation originated in cultivation in California. The standard Echeveria runyonii is found natively in Mexico
Echeveria is named after the 18th century Spanish botanist Atanasio Echeverria Codoy.

Common Names Mexican hens and chicks plant.

There is also a crested form which is Echeveria runyonii cv. "Topsy-turvy" f. cristata which can be reproduced only vegetatively. Only a fragment of the crested shoot is is used for reproduction because leaves and normal shoots (non-crested) do not produce the crested trait.

    Topsy-turvy is one of the true monstrous forms of Echeveria that 'breeds true' and won't revert back to it's natural form.
It is a profuse offesetter and can create large mounds of densely crowded plants up to 20 x 35 cm (height by width). Parent plants can get up to 25 cm across, but rarely do the offsets
he leaves are too narrow to form the perfect rosette usually expected of Echeveria is a fast growing rosette-forming succulent, up to 10 inches (25 cm) in diameter. The leaves are pale blue-green to silvery-grey, up to 5 inches (12.5 cm) long and up 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide, often with pink tips runyonii, is a great plant to use in terrariums, dish gardens and anywhere you landscape.



Contact with skin causes severe irritation, redness and a burning sensation; contact with the eyes may cause severe pain, and in some cases temporary blindness for several days. Symptoms may worsen over 12 hours.

For eye exposures, flush eyes with fresh, cool water for at least 15 minutes and repeat after a few minutes. Seek medical attention if there is no relief. Over-the-counter anti-histamines may provide relief for some people.

If swallowed, it may cause burning to the mouth, lips, and tongue. Deaths have been recorded from swallowing the latex, and anyone swallowing some should seek medical attention.


Euphorbia cereiformis

is a densely branched, perennial dwarf shrub, up to 8 inches (20 cm) tall, forming compact clumps. The stems are 7 to 10 ribbed and deeply grooved between, up to 4 inches (10 cm) long and up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) in diameter. Leaves are tiny, succulent, lanceolate, green in color, up to 0.16 inch (4 mm) long,
Flowers are wine-red, 0.2 inch (5 mm) in diameter, solitary clustered at the end of the branches. native to Africa, forms club-shaped stems to 4" in diameter with up to 15 ribs and dense, gnarly persistent peduncles (residual dead flower stalks, etc.) to 1/2" in length. New growth is burgundy in color. Produces many offsets, and grows to several feet in height.


Euphorbia polygona,

 native to South Africa, forms a ribbed chunky columnar plant of glaucous grey-green and is heavily armed with spiny protuberances ("peduncles", otherwise known as persistent flower stalks). The cultivar 'Snowflake' is chalky white and has fewer spiny protuberances. It has been said that only a single 'Snowflake' was ever found in Africa. Many new hybrids have been created using 'Snowflake' as it tends to pass on excellent genetics for attractive plants. All Euphorbias contain a white sap that can be irritating to eyes and mucous membranes. If contact is made with this white sap, take care to not touch face or eyes before washing hands with soap and water. Responds well to warmth, with its active growth period in the late spring and summer months. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Requires bright light for best appearance, and should be given a winter resting period at which time less water should be given. Protect from frost.


 native to South Africa, forms a ribbed chunky columnar plant of glaucous grey-green and is heavily armed with spiny protuberances ("peduncles", otherwise known as persistent flower stalks). The cultivar 'Snowflake' is chalky white and has fewer spiny protuberances. It has been said that only a single 'Snowflake' was ever found in Africa. Many new hybrids have been created using 'Snowflake' as it tends to pass on excellent genetics for attractive plants. All Euphorbias contain a white sap that can be irritating to eyes and mucous membranes. If contact is made with this white sap, take care to not touch face or eyes before washing hands with soap and water. Responds well to warmth, with its active growth period in the late spring and summer months. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Requires bright light for best appearance, and should be given a winter resting period at which time less water should be given. Protect from frost.


Euphorbia tirucalli

firestick plants, Indian tree spurge, naked lady, pencil tree
A easy plant
It has a wide distribution in Africa, being prominently present in northeastern, central and southern Africa. It may also be native in other parts of the continent as well as some surrounding islands and the Arabian peninsula and has been introduced to many other tropical regions. Its status in India is uncertain. It grows in dry areas, and is often used to feed cattle or as hedging. 
The milky latex from E. tirucalli is extremely irritating to the skin and mucosa and is toxic.   contact with skin causes severe irritation, redness and a burning sensation; contact with the eyes may cause severe pain, and in some cases temporary blindness for several days. Symptoms may worsen over 12 hours.

For eye exposures, flush eyes with fresh, cool water for at least 15 minutes and repeat after a few minutes. Seek medical attention if there is no relief. Over-the-counter anti-histamines may provide relief for some people.    

If swallowed, it may cause burning to the mouth, lips, and tongue. Deaths have been recorded from swallowing the latex, and anyone swallowing some should seek medical attention.







 Faucaria 'Tuberculosa

This low maintenance succulent from South Africa has thick triangular leaves. The edges have white hair-like structures that look a little like teeth.

Prefers full sun, or partial shade with free-draining soil or compost.

Perfectly suited for planting in gravel gardens, paved areas, rockeries and small containers. Try mixing with other succulents and alpines

Small plants of 8 cm diameter, with thick triangular leaves. On the edges of the leaves there are upright teeth in opposite pairs that looks like an animal mouth. It may become bushy.

The plants are light green, turning purple if exposed to strong sunshine.

Golden yellow flowers appear from August in the centre of the rosette.




 Fenestraria rhopalophylla.

is the currently recognised species in this genus is Each leaf has a epidermal window, a transparent window-like area, at its rounded tip, it is for these window-like structures that the genus is named (Latin: fenestra).

F. rhopalophylla appears very similar to Frithia pulchra, though the leaves are a slightly different shape and F. rhopalophylla has yellow flowers, compared to the pink flowers of F. pulchra.
In the wild, the plant commonly grows under sand, except for the transparent tips, which allow light into the leaves for photosynthesis.
The plant produces optical fibers made from crystalline Oxalic acid which transmit light to subterranean photosynthetic sites.
native to Namaqualand in southern Africa and to Namibia. The plants generally grow in sandy or calciferous soils under low < 100 mm rainfall, that occurs in the winter.

Ledebouria socialis

Ledebouria socialis, the silver squill or wood hyacinth, is a geophytic species of bulbous perennial plant native to the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa.

It was first described by John Gilbert Baker as Scilla socialis in 1870.

 It is often cultivated and grows well with minimal care.  

great in pots  and collections

Socialis means 'grows in pure stands', 'dominant', or 'growing in colonies'




Rebutia heliosa

is a small, slow growing cactus, with heads densely covered in brown areoles with short, about (1 mm) long spines. The stems are spherical to shortly cylindrical, up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) tall and up to (3.5 cm) in diameter. The flowers are long lasting (about 10 days), funnel-shaped, (5 cm) long, (4 cm) in diameter and orange to orange-red in color. The fruits are purple red in color.
Watering should be done carefully, allowing the plant to almost dry out between waterings. It’s imperative that the cactus is not exposed to prolonged dampness and sitting water. make sure to use fertilizer during the growing season for the best results. Repot as needed, preferably during the warm season.  
Native to Bolivia.




Gasteraloe (also known as × Gastrolea) is a genus of hybrid plants, from mixtures of species from the Aloe or Aristaloe and Gasteria genera.

× Gasteraloe hybrids are typically stemless or almost stemless. Their succulent leaves, which are usually spotted or marked and have toothed margins, form rosettes.

Gonialoe variegata and Aristaloe aristata are especially commonly used for these hybrids, as they are far more amenable to hybridization with gasterias than most other "aloes".
culltivate the saame as aloes





little warty




Green ice








 is a hybrid of Echeveria and Graptopetalum. Pachyveria is a hybrid of Echeveria and Pachyphytum. Sedeveria is a hybrid of Echeveria and Sedum.

Pachyphytum is a genus native to Mexico and a close relative of Echeveria and Sedum.



'Fred Ives' is a pretty cross between Graptopetalum paraguayense and Echeveria gibbiflora. frost free Light Aspect. Part Shade, Full Sun, Full Sun Windowsill. good in Pot, Wall, Rockery, Garden, Windowsill, Conservatory.
Spread & Height. Medium.



Silver Star

Graptopetalum filiferum x Echeveria agavoides ‘Multifida’.

Eventually forming a 4in rosette, the closely spiralled leaves are silvery green and each is tipped with a pinkish bristle.


Graptosedum ‘California Sunset’

This succulent has compact, Echeveria-like rosettes with a unique, orangish-pink color.
Long-cultivated and more widely-distributed than most of the hybrids made by Robert Grim, The rosettes are at the tips of eventually decumbent stems, which can simply be cut back and restarted to maintain a more compact plant. New growth is a grayish-green but soon takes on its distinctive coloration that is enhanced by drought as well as cool winter temperatures. The durability and grayish new leaves of this hybrid are imparted by Graptopetalum paraguayense. The pastel coloration and white flowers come from the other parent, S. adophi, another durable Mexican succulent in the Crassulaceae.


Graptopetalum amethystinum)

If you like succulents, this one is as succulent as they get!  Lavender Pebbles (Graptopetalum amethystinum) is a rare species from Mexico that looks more like moon rocks than a plant!  This cool succulent has plump, rounded leaves in lovely shades of lavender, pink, and green.  The leaves have a powdery coating that adds to the eerie, moon rock look.  If grown in a hanging planter, the plant will spill over the edges 12 to 18 inches.  Or let it trail along the ground like a bed of living pebbles!

 Lavender Pebbles is related to Jade Plant and Echeveria (Crassulaceae family).  The "chubby" leaves are rounded at the tip, instead of pointy like many related succulents.  The lavender or rose shades appear strongest in the newer leaves, while the older growth becomes more greenish.  If you rub off the powdery coating, the colors are more vivid!  The pretty, star-shaped flowers appear in large numbers around Spring.  The plant normally hangs from steep cliffs in the wild, where it forms multiple branches.  You may root the branches if you wish, or even the individual leaves.  This is a true species, not a hybrid.  It will hybridize with some related succulents like Echeverias and Sedums.






commonly called chin cactus, is a genus of about 70 South American species of cactus. The genus name Gymnocalycium (from Greek, "naked calyx") refers to the flower buds bearing no hair or spines.

Their main area of distribution is Argentina, part of Uruguay, Paraguay, southern Bolivia and part of Brazil.
Most species are rather small varying from 4 to 15 centimetres in size. In cultivation they are popular for their easy flowering habits, and the flowers are generally brightly coloured. Where temperatures fall below 10 °C (50 °F) they must be cultivated under glass with heat.





Haworthia fasciata

Haworthia is a large genus of small succulent plants endemic to Southern Africa  and they generally resemble miniature aloes, except in their flowers, which are distinctive in appearance. Horticulturally they are popular garden and container plants.
Haworthias are small succulent plants, forming rosettes of leaves from 3 cm (1.2 in) to exceptionally 30 cm (12 in) in diameter, depending on the species. These rosettes are usually stemless but in some species stems reach up to 50 cm (20 in). The inflorescences of some species may exceed 40 cm (16 in) in height. The plants can grow solitary or can be clump-forming. Many species have firm, tough, fleshy leaves, usually dark green in colour, whereas others are softer and contain leaf windows with translucent panels through which sunlight can reach internal photosynthetic tissues. Their flowers are small, and generally white. Though they are very similar between species, flowers from the species in hexangulares generally have green striations and those from other species often have brown lines in the flowers. However, their leaves show wide variations even within one species. Additionally, when the plants are stressed (e.g deprived of water), their colours can change to reds and purples. Depriving them of nitrogen generally results in paler leaves. tender


Haworthiopsis reinwardtii



formerly Haworthia reinwardtii,
is a species of succulent flowering plant in the family Asphodelaceae, native to the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. It is one of the species of Haworthiopsis that is commonly cultivated as an ornamental.

H. reinwardtii has typical thin, strongly tubercled leaves
It is a perennial succulent, with stems growing to 20 cm (8 in)in height, with a basal rosette of white-spotted fleshy leaves arranged in a spiral pattern, and racemes of tubular pinkish-white flowers in spring. The plant spreads to form a mat, by means of freely-produced offsets, also a convenient means of propagation.



Haworthia retusa


is a species of flowering plants of the genus Haworthia
endemic to a very small area around Riversdale, in the Western Cape Province in South Africa.
Growing to 10 cm (3.9 in) tall and broad, it is a perennial succulent with thick triangular leaves and small white tubular flowers held in 50 cm (20 in) tall racemes.

The genus name Haworthia honors the British botanist Adrian Hardy Haworth (1767–1833), while the species epitheton retusa derives from Latin and refers to the "retused" leaf-shape. recurved shape of the leaves. The upturned, recurved face of each leaf forms a triangle, which is transparent (and often lined). The species can be easily recognised by its leaf-top windows, which are distinctively shiny.

Plants grow as tight rosettes of thick, firm, fleshy, highly recurved/truncated leaves. It is usually a solitary rosette in the wild. In cultivation it can offset, and even form clumps.
This species is one of the "retuse" species of Haworthia, meaning that it usually grows sunken beneath the ground with its flattened leaves only showing on the surface. Its rosette of succulent leaves are turned back ("retuse") so as to provide a flat and level face, on the surface of the ground. In temperate regions it is normally grown under glass as it does not survive temperatures below freezing. In the UK it has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.





Jovibarba ("beard of Jupiter") is a small genus of three species of succulent flowering plants in the family Crassulaceae, endemic to mountainous regions in the south-eastern quadrant of Europe.  closely related to Sempervivum,.

 Jovibarba have pale-greenish-yellow or yellow  flowers with about six petals, while Sempervivum have generally pinkish flowers with around twice as many petals, which open more widely than jovibarba flowers.

jovibarba species are commonly called rollers. They produce offsets that are lightly attached and easily pop off and roll away from the mother plant. Offsets survive the main rosette, which is monocarp. 

grow the same as Sempervivum.


Kalanchoe is a genus of about 125 species of tropical, succulent flowering plants in the family Crassulaceae, mainly native to Madagascar and tropical Africa. 
Most are shrubs or perennial herbaceous plants, but a few are

annual or biennial. The largest, Kalanchoe beharensis from

Madagascar, can reach 6 m (20 ft) tall, but most species are

less than 1 m (3 ft) tall.

Kalanchoes are characterized by opening their flowers by growing

new cells on the inner surface of the petals to force them outwards,

and on the outside of the petals to close them.

Kalanchoe flowers are divided into 4 sections with 8 stamens.

The petals are fused into a tube,

in a similar way to some related genera such as Cotyledon.



Kalanchoe tubiflora   delagoensis

Kalanchoe delagoensis

"Mother of Thousands"
This plant gets a lot of attention from visitors for its architectural accents, its willingness to grow nearly anywhere, and the ease with which the babies can be pulled or scooped away where not wanted. They have to be fairly large to bloom, and a large potful of them in bloom can be spectacular. 
 Description: "Mother of Thousands" reproduces via "plantlets" on that grow on the ends of each leaf & drop off.... they fall into the dirt and grow from there. They grow everywhere, don't need dirt,   In optimal conditions it grows as an annual/biannual and typically grows to about 1 m before blooming in the winter. Plants die back after blooming and new shoots can arise from the roots.

Produces umbels of trumpet-shaped 2-3 cm long salmon to scarlet flowers that dangle in clusters from the top of the plant. They are very beautiful but hard to see.
Blooming season: Due to intense vegetative reproduction, this plant rarely blooms. But well grown larger specimens can flower profusely in winter, even with little or no water. The flowers last about 5 weeks so it is well worthwhile trying to get some

Kalanchoe luciae:

Also know as 'Flapjacks' and 'Paddle Plant'. Forms a basal rosette of large, rounded, fleshy stalkless leaves. Gray-green with red margins. Full to part sun. Drought and heat tolerant. Not frost hardy.

Kalanchoë humilis



'Desert Surprise' (A selected clone)
Paddle shaped blue-green leaves with spectacular purple markings.
The brown/purple blotches need light to develop fully.

It is very easy to grow and drought-resistant, it makes an interesting plant in any collection .
is also easy to take care as indoor plant.
It thrives in nutrient poor soils consisting of equal parts of loam and sand, with pumice or lava grit added to ensure good drainage.
It takes a good deal of sun, though still prefers some shade.
It needs little watering in autumn and spring while in summer it should be watered thoroughly and allowed to dry before watering again.
In winter give only occasional watering (only when the plant starts shrivelling), but it will generally grow even in winter if given water. These plants will survive on neglect. Over-watering is the most common cause of plant failure.
hardy to -2 ° C for short periods.
The flowers are not much of an attraction and can be removed.
It is propagated by removal of small offsets at the base of the main plant or by leaf and stem cuttings.
It is an ideal plant for containers or rock gardens.

Kalanchoe longiflora coccinea



Kalanchoe longiflora coccinea is an interesting succulent house plant here in the UK. Native to Brazil, the leaves of this Kalanchoe can change from a deep green to crimson depending on its environment.
The foliage turns crimson in response to drought, cold or full sun.
This plant then produces yellow flowers on tall spikes during summer months and even into autumn/winter.
The flowers can last many weeks.
Remove dead blooms to encourage repeat flowering.
Likes full sun if possible.
Allow the plant to partially dry out between waterings.
Do not allow this plant to stand in water.
Tough and relatively easy to look after.keep frost free.

Kalanchoe marnieriana -




Marnier's Kalanchoe: Blue-green foliage with flushes of pink. Rose pink blooms. Nice in containers. Excellent indoor plant. Tender succulent, protect from freezing.
18" tall 24" wide
Filtered sun, bright light
9"-12" Vertical Grower / Tall Stem

Container Garden, House or Office Plant

Kalanchoe pumila

flower dust plant
is a species of flowering plant in the family Crassulaceae, native to Madagascar. It is a spreading, dwarf succulent subshrub growing to 20 cm (8 in) tall and 45 cm (18 in) wide, with arching stems of frosted leaves, and clusters of purple-veined pink flowers in spring. As the minimum temperature for cultivation is 12 °C (54 °F), in temperate regions it is grown under glass as a houseplant.
The Latin specific epithet pumila means dwarf or low-growing.
This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.


kalanchoe tormentosa nigra

Panda Plant
Pussy Ears
Teddy Bear Cactus 
Leaves are poisonous Roots are poisonous
The flowers are the most toxic part.
 Containers: Needs excellent drainage in pots
tender native to Madagascar species being a succulent type species grows thick leaves for water storage purposes, which means watering less often for the grower. These leaves are covered in tiny hairs that give the plant a velvety look and feel.
 grows up to approximately 1.5 ft with a thick stem that produces branches and many groups of leaves, once it matures.   suitable for growing in a hanging basket
 leaves are greyish green in color that have brown spotted tips. it's rare to see flowers bloom indoors, so it's grown for primarily it's foliage within homes or offices. I have never seen one of these flower 
hanging baskets containers or sitting with a conservatory. A conservatory is ideal because they do like their bright light and some sun. Whilst they're still small and growing, then near windows and on shelves which receive enough sunlight are good spots for displaying them.



 Lampranthus Plants easy to look after. They like to grow in dry soil so only water in very prolonged dry spells. Once the season is over, cut the plants back by pruning the dead stems in the autumn. If you want more plants then take cuttings in the springtime.


Lampranthus aureus

Golden Ice Plant, Orange Ice Plant 
     Family: Aizoaceae (Ice plant family)

Golden Ice Plant is a neatly rounded, erect, succulent plant that grows up to about half a meter tall. The leaves are paired, free or slightly fused at the base, dark green, up to 5 cm long. The plant is liked for its unbelievably bright orange flowers. The shiny orange flowers are borne singly or in clusters on short stalks, are 6 cm in diameter. There are some yellow forms of this plant too. Flowers are followed by a woody fruit capsule that has five compartments. Golden Ice Plant is native to South Africa, and grown as an ornamental in India.


Lampranthus roseus

This is a frequently cultivated and a rewarding plant. It is easily propagated from seed or cuttings and needs a sunny position. Seed can be sown at any time of the year in shallow trays in a sandy mixture and germination is within 3 weeks. Cuttings are best planted during the summer months. The plants are short-lived and are best replaced every 3 years. Lampranthus roseus prefers a sunny, well-drained slope. The plants thrive in rockeries or containers in a sunny position. Plants are subject to downy mildew and should be sprayed with Ridomil from midwinter to just before flowering.


Lampranthus spectabilis


 also placed in Mesembryanthemaceae)
 Lampranthus spectabilis ( 
Common name 
trailing ice plant shining-flowers" in Latin
 Plants creeping. Flowers red, pink or white ca. 5-8cm across, flowering in all seasons (mainly in Spring to Summer). Perennial plants.



is a genus of succulent plants in the ice plant family, Aizoaceae. Members of the genus are native to southern Africa. The name is derived from the Ancient Greek words λίθος (lithos), meaning "stone," and ὄψ (ops), meaning "face," referring to the stone-like appearance of the plants. They avoid being eaten by blending in with surrounding rocks and are often known as pebble plants or living stones. The formation of the name from the Greek "-ops" means that even a single plant is called a Lithops.


is a genus of succulent plants in the ice plant family, Aizoaceae. Members of the genus are native to southern Africa. The name is derived from the Ancient Greek words λίθος (lithos), meaning "stone," and ὄψ (ops), meaning "face," referring to the stone-like appearance of the plants. They avoid being eaten by blending in with surrounding rocks and are often known as pebble plants or living stones. The formation of the name from the Greek "-ops" means that even a single plant is called a Lithops.

Individual Lithops plants consist of one or more pairs of bulbous, almost fused leaves opposite to each other and hardly any stem.

Lithops hookeri.
Two new leaf pairs are emerging between the old one, leading to a double-headed plant
The slit between the leaves contains the meristem and produces flowers and new leaves.
The leaves of Lithops are mostly buried below the surface of the soil, with a partially or completely translucent top surface known as a leaf window which allows light to enter the interior of the leaves for photosynthesis.
Yellow or white flowers emerge from the fissure between the leaves after the new leaf pair has fully matured, one per leaf pair. This is usually in autumn, but can be before the summer solstice in L. pseudotruncatella and after the winter solstice in L. optica. The flowers are often sweetly scented.
The most startling adaptation of Lithops is the colouring of the leaves. The leaves are fenestrated, and the epidermal windows are patterned in various shades of cream, grey, and brown, with darker windowed areas, dots, and red lines, according to species and local conditions. The markings function as remarkable camouflage for the plant in its typical stone-like environment. 
Lithops require pollination from a separate plant. Like most mesembs, Lithops fruit is a dry capsule that opens when it becomes wet; some seeds may be ejected by falling raindrops, and the capsule re-closes when it dries out.

Lithops occur naturally across wide areas of Namibia and South Africa.



The genus Mammillaria is one of the largest in the cactus family (Cactaceae), with currently 200 known species and varieties recognized. Most of the mammillarias are native to Mexico, but some come from the southwest United States, the Caribbean, Colombia, Venezuela, Guatemala and Honduras. The common name "pincushion cactus" refers to this and the closely related genus Escobaria.


Mammillaria elongata


(gold lace cactus, ladyfinger cactus) is a species of flowering plant in the Cactaceae family, native to central Mexico. Growing to 15 cm (6 in) tall by 30 cm (12 in) wide, it consists of densely packed clusters of elongated oval stems, covered in harmless yellow or brown spines, and in spring producing white or yellow flowers.

It is among the commonest and most variable of its genus in nature, and is a popular subject for cultivation.[1][2] It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
Golden Stars"Copper King""Cristata" (Brain Cactus)

Mammillaria gracilis



‘Arizona Snowcap’
‘Arizona Snowcap’ is a small cactus, up to 4 inches (10 cm) tall and up to 5 inches (12.5 cm) wide. The stems are cylindrical, dark green, almost concealed by the spines, up to 3.2 inches (8 cm) long and up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) in diameter, and branching profusely by sides. Spines are short, white and thick. The flowers are small, cream-yellow with pinkish or brownish midstripe, up to 0.7 inch (17 mm) long and up to 0.5 inch (12 mm) wide.

To encourage better flowering, allow the plants to enjoy a cooling period in the winter and suspend watering. Unlike many other cacti, which use their ribs as storage devices, the Mammillaria feature raised tubercles, from which spines emerge. When you water, the tubercles will expand to allow for increased water storage.
The flowers emerge from the axils of these tubercles on the previous year’s growth, which accounts for their interesting halo effect.
keep very dry winter and use a fertilizer during the growing season for the best results.



plants do best in desert and arid climates, and grow well in porous, well-drained soil. They grow well in full sun, though prefer a bit of shade in more sizzling heat of 92 and higher degrees Fahrenheit (33 degrees Celsius). They are drought and heat wave tolerant, but love lots of summer time water, and hardy to around 30-35 degrees Fahrenheit (-1 to 1 degrees Celsius). 


Pachyveria glauca 

Little Jewel' succulent plants are hybrids in the nothogenus × Pachyveria (Pachyphytum 
and Echeveria). This plant has cylindrical tapered leaves,
shading from powdery blue with a of purple at the bottom of the plant to a light green at the points of the top leaves. That color slowly darkens down the length of the plant

This plant propagates itself by dropping leaves, which then sprout new plants.


Peperomia graveolens


ENGLISH: ruby peperomia, Ruby Glow

Description: Peperomia graveolens is a beautiful evergreen herb with an aboveground growth habit. It has glowing wine red stems with glossy red succulent leaves with clear green "windows" on their surfaces,



Portulaca grandiflora


Moss Rose is easy to grow. Grow Moss Rose plants in full sun. Plants prefer average to poor soils. They prefer loose, sandy or loam soil. A well draining composition is important.

Moss Rose plants are drought and heat tolerant. In the flower garden, watering is seldom needed. If growing in containers or hanging pots, allow the soil to dry between watering. Add a general purpose, high nitrogen fertilizer when first planting, to help them to get a good start. Add a high Phosphorous fertilizer just before blooming. No other fertilizer applications should be needed for the season. Moss Rose produce tough, long lasting, rose-like blooms, in early summer. Pinch or deadhead spent flowers to promote more blooms. Prune plants to create a fuller, neater appearance. Provide plenty of air circulation through the plant to help avoid fungal disease. Plants are annuals that are very susceptible to frost. Cover them up whenever cold temperatures are expected



Plectranthus tomentosa;

 vick's vapo-rub plant This perennial succulent smells just like the popular cough and congestion rub a strong, with its distinctive menthol and camphor scent. The odour is stronger when the leaves are crushed.
 green leaves that are covered with fine hairs. It can reach a height of 30 inches (75cm) tall. Small, purple flowers will bloom in the early spring and again in the autum.

Vick’s VapoRub Plant is perfect for beginners! These succulents would be ideal for both container gardening (i.e hanging baskets, window boxes, etc..) and garden beds. It is low maintenance and like all other succulents, it is drought tolerant and doesn’t require much water. Plus, the scent of the plant is known to repel mosquitoes! Simply plant in well-draining soil in full sun to partial shade. Be careful not to over water them, which can turn the leaves yellow and mushy or lead to stem rot. Allow the soil to dry between watering.

And yes, you can use the plant to help relieve congestion when you are sick! Add the crushed leaves into some hot water and inhale the steam. You should be able to breathe easier afterwards!




(known as elephant bush, dwarf jade plant, porkbush and spekboom in Afrikaans) is a small-leaved succulent plant found in South Africa.
It is a soft-wooded, semi-evergreen upright shrub or small tree, usually 2.5–4.5 metres (8–15 ft) tall. 
It is very widespread in the east of South Africa



Portulacaria afra

Portulacaria afra (Elephant Food) - An upright growing plant with reddish brown stems and 1/2 inch long emerald green succulent leaves. Plant in sun or shade with little or no supplemental irrigation. Hardy to at least 25° F can be kept almost any size with pruning. T common English name is Porkbush and the Afrikaans name is Spekboom, which translates from two words, 'spek' meaning "bacon" and 'boom' meaning "tree" as Bacon Tree. The names come from the fact that the leaves are edible, though with a sour flavor. 
In the wilds of South Africa, large plants do survive the winter frosts by growing dense enough to provide their own natural cover. Drought-tolerant and fire-resistant,

Minimum Avg. Temperature: 10.c 
Sun Exposure: Full sun 
Origin: South Africa
Height: 12’
Width: 7’
Growth Rate – Shape: Slowly growing succulent tree 
Watering Needs: regular water in summer dryer in winter 
Flowers: Rare pink flowers

Frost Tolerance: -1.c




non variegated var common English name is Porkbush and the Afrikaans name is Spekboom, which translates from two words, 'spek' meaning "bacon" and 'boom' meaning "tree" as Bacon Tree. The names come from the fact that the leaves are edible, though with a sour flavor. 
In the wilds of South Africa, large plants do survive the winter frosts by growing dense enough to provide their own natural cover. Drought-tolerant and fire-resistant,

Minimum Avg. Temperature: 10.c 
Sun Exposure: Full sun 
Origin: South Africa
Height: 12’
Width: 7’
Growth Rate – Shape: Slowly growing succulent tree 
Watering Needs: regular water in summer dryer in winter 
Flowers: Rare pink flowers

Frost Tolerance: -1.c



is a genus of epiphytic cacti. They are typically known as mistletoe cacti. The scientific name derives from the Ancient Greek term for wickerwork, referring to the plants'
Rhipsalis is found as an epiphyte in tropical rainforests, some species may also grow epilithic or, rarely, terrestrial.
found widely in Central America, parts of the Caribbean and a great part of northern and central South America. The center of diversity of Rhipsalis lies in the rainforests of the Mata Atlantica in southeastern Brazil.
It is found throughout the New World, but additionally in tropical Africa, Madagascar and Sri Lanka. It is the only cactus with a natural occurrence outside the New World


 rhipsalis cereuscula


 Rhipsalis mistletoe cactus is also called chain cactus and grows epiphytically in its tropical forest home.
The cactus has pencil thin succulent stems that may reach 6 feet in length. The thick skin of the stems does not produce thorns, but it does have almost imperceptible bumps on the surface of the plant. These plants are found clinging to tree crotches, in branch nooks and nestled in rock crevasses. The Rhipsalis mistletoe cactus is easy to grow and has very minimal needs. It is perfect for the home interior in a northern or western window. Mistletoe Cactus Mistletoe cacti are easy to grow from cuttings. Seeds take way too long and they require very even environmental conditions. Take cuttings and let the severed end callus for a few days. Plant the callused end in a cactus mix or sand that has been lightly moistened. Cuttings root in two to six weeks. The plant rarely needs fertilizing and has few other needs except moderate light and even moisture. Fertilize with a half dilution of cactus food from April to September, once per month. Water frequently in spring and summer, but suspend water in winter. If any of the stems are damaged, you can trim them off with a sharp, sterile knife. Use these as cuttings to start new Rhipsalis mistletoe cactus.

rhipsalis ewaldiana



Mistletoe Cactus Plant
An interesting cactus houseplant, mistletoe cactus is a modern indoor plant that has a unique form thanks to its trailing shape. A lush, full-grown plant looks like a living Cousin It --- making it a fun addition to your indoor decor as well as a conversation piece.
Because mistletoe cactus has trailing stems, you usually see this houseplant sold in hanging baskets. They're a great way to enliven a window.
Grow mistletoe cactus in low to medium light. It can take a little direct sun indoors, especially in Northern climates, but doesn't need bright sun to thrive. This indoor plant thrives under artificial lighting, too.

Unlike most cacti, mistletoe cactus comes from tropical rainforests rather than the desert. It typically grows on trees rather than in soil. Because of that, it's best to treat your mistletoe cactus a bit like an orchid and allow the potting mix to dry a bit before watering again. Take care not to overwater mistletoe cactus. If you want to fertilize your mistletoe cactus, do so in spring and summer using a general-purpose houseplant fertilizer.

This modern indoor plant also prefers average to high humidity, so it's an excellent choice for growing in well-lit kitchens and bathrooms.




 Sansevieria ehrenbergii

Sansevieria is a genus of about 70 species of flowering plants, native to Africa, Madagascar and southern Asia.
Common names include mother-in-law's tongue, devil's tongue, jinn's tongue, bow string hemp, snake plant and snake tongue.
It is often included in the genus Dracaena;  tropical plants such as Sansevieria trifasciata. Plants often form dense clumps from a spreading rhizome or stolons. The leaves of Sansevieria are typically arranged in a rosette around the growing point, 
The flowers are usually greenish-white, also rose, lilac-red, 
Sansevieria can be propagated by seed, leaf cutting, and division. Seeds are rarely used, as plants can normally be grown much faster from cuttings or divisions.  they do not come true to type from leaf cuttings, and therefore must be propagated by rhizome division to retain the variegation.


Sedum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Crassulaceae, members of which are commonly known as stonecrops. The genus has been described as containing up to 600 species
They are leaf succulents found primarily in the Northern Hemisphere, but extending into the southern hemisphere in Africa and South America. The plants vary from annual and creeping herbs to shrubs. The plants have water-storing leaves. The flowers usually have five petals, seldom four or six. There are typically twice as many stamens as petals.

Well-known European species of Sedum are Sedum acre, Sedum album, Sedum dasyphyllum, Sedum reflexum (also known as Sedum rupestre) and Sedum hispanicum.



Sedum adolphii



commonly known as golden sedum, is a succulent perennial.

Sedum adolphii is a species in the genus Sedum which contains approximately 395 to 759 species and belongs to the family of the Crassulaceae (Stonecrop Family). The type species of the genus is Sedum acre.
The perennials reach heights of 10 to 20 centimetres.

Sedum adolphii is evergreen. The moss-green, simple leaves are in rosettes. white five-stellate flowers from March to April.
Sedum adolphii is native to Mexico.

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam. They tolerate temperatures down to -7°C Under glass use loamy potting compost with added gravel.

In summer the plants prefer good ventilation. suited for cultivation in a temperate house. Suited for rockeries.
For healthy growth apply a compound fertilizer at 50% concentration monthly during growth.
Water moderately in summer, give little water in winter.

Cuttings in early summer
Division in spring

Sedum acre

commonly known as the goldmoss stonecrop, mossy stonecrop,  goldmoss sedum, biting stonecrop, and wallpepper, is a perennial flowering plant in the familyCrassulaceae. It is native to Europe, but also naturalised in North AmericaJapan and New Zealand.

  It is specially adapted for growing on thin dry soils and can be found on shingle, beaches, drystone walls, dry banks, seashore rocks, roadside verges, wasteland and in sandy meadows near the sea

  stonecrop spreads when allowed to do so, but is easily controlled, being shallow-rooted. It is used in hanging baskets and container gardens, as a trailing accent, in borders, or as groundcover It grows well in poor soils, sand, rock gardens, and rich garden soil, under a variety of light levels. However, it does not thrive in dense shade with limited water. very hardy




 Sedum clavatum


is a succulent plant that grows in compact rosettes that elongate into long stems with time.
Originally identified growing in southern Mexico, S.clavatum produces white, star-shaped flowers in mid to late spring to early summer.
They are often grown as decorative plants in rock gardens. Like almost all succulents, S. clavatum needs to be protected from frost and is hardy to 32 °F (0 °C). It grows 4 to 6 inches tall at mature height and 8 inches wide.
S. clavatum is an annual that needs average watering and is categorized as fairly easy to maintain. well-draining soil and 4–6 hours of sunlight. Plants should be watered when the soil is dry but over-watering is to be avoided.


Sedum reflexum

 or Sedum rupestre, also known as reflexed stonecrop, blue stonecrop, Jenny's stonecrop, stone orpine and prick-madam, is a species of perennial succulent plant of the genus Sedum, native to northern, central, and southwesternEurope.


Sedum spathulifolium

is a species of flowering plant in the stonecrop family known by the common name broadleaf stonecrop. It is native to western North America from British Columbia to southern California, where it can be found in many types of rocky habitat in coastal and inland hills and mountains.

This plant is useful as ornamental groundcover, and tolerates light shade  Numerous cultivars have been selected for garden use, of which 'Cape Blanco' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit 



Sedum spectabile

An essential late-summer pit stop for bees and butterflies. Sedum flowers are little pools of nectar, held on big, flat, easily accessible flowers where butterflies can rest and bask in late-summer sun. Green buds look good from midsummer, then colour pink into autumn. Stems are succulent and frosted, hence the common name "ice plant".

 A sunny position in soil that is not too rich, even verging on the malnourished. The succulent stems cope well with dry positions.




Sedum spurium red form

The creeping selections of Stonecrop are excellent groundcover plants, particularly for hot, dry sites with poor soil. This variety forms a low carpet of small, bronzy green to beet-red leaves, spreading to form a thick patch. Clusters of ruby-red star flowers appear in summer. A fast grower, this is best kept away from slower alpine plants that it might smother. Also a good choice for tubs and mixed containers. Easy to propagate; simply break pieces off in early summer and stick them in the ground. Deciduous; trim stems and dead flower heads back in early spring. Shade tolerant.



Sedum rubrotinctum

or Sedum × rubrotinctum, and commonly known as jelly-beans, jelly bean plant, or pork and beans. It is a species of Sedum from the Crassulaceae family of plants.
Nicknamed for its short leaves that resemble jelly beans, especially when taking on a protective hue. The plant was named officially as a distinct species in 1948. It is a succulent plant originating in Mexico. 

The leaves of the Sedum rubrotinctum plant change colour from green to red during the summer months as a protective adaptation They sprout bright yellow flowers from between the leaves in mid-spring. 
Sedum rubrotinctum is cultivated as an ornamental plant, for planting in gardens and as potted plants. It is grown very easily and tolerates all types of soil except for those that are poorly drained. It grows very well in summer, can take variations in climate, although it is not frost-tolerant.
New plants may be grown from leaves (or beans) that drop off or are separated from the stem and laid on the soil.
Sedum rubrotinctum is poisonous and may cause irritation when ingested or touched.[


Sedum morganianum

(donkey tail or burro's tail ) is a species of flowering plant in the family Crassulaceae, native to southern Mexico and Honduras. It is a succulent perennial producing trailing stems up to 60 cm (24 in) long, with fleshy blue-green leaves and terminal pink to red flowers in summer  
With a minimum temperature of 5–7 °C (41–45 °F), in temperate regions S. morganianum is often cultivated as a houseplant in a suspended container, where the trailing stems hang vertically. 

This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Sedum morganianum grows well outside or indoors, in very good light or full sun but not extreme heat. Plants are best grown in full sunlight for strong growth and to enhance leaf coloration. It requires regular, moderate watering all year, except in winter, when it should be infrequently watered. Excess water can damage the plant in a short time. The species is susceptible to over-watering, especially during winter dormancy.      tender

Plants are usually propagated by stem or leaf cuttings. The leaves are quite delicate and will readily break off the stem when manipulated. The leaves will stay alive for many days and roots will emerge after a few days


Sedum decumbens

(Sedum kimnachii)

  The Mexican sedum, Sedum kimnachii, is an outstanding succulent species that forms a flat, dense carpet of rounded glossy chartreuse leaves when grown in good soil with water; when deprived of a rich growing environment, the foliage takes on brilliant orange tones, especially in the winter. Numerous golden-yellow, slightly scented, flowers appear in clusters in spring to early summer, year after year. 
often forming dense low mounds up to 1 metres across  It is evergreen so it doesn't lose its succulent thick leaves through the winter.   
Flowers: 15–50, star shaped, orange-yellow, almost scentless or slightly perfumed



Sedum nussbaumerianum



is a species of plant native to Mexico.
Today it can also be found in Italy and on the Canary islands. Also called stonecrop, or Coppertone Sedum, it is a member of the Crassulaceae family

These copper toned succulents grow up to 20 cm, and can bloom with small star shaped white flowers. with full or part sun. They can be used in rock gardens. Grow from cuttings in summer or seeds in autumn.

"This plant was first discovered by Carl Albert Purpus at a sulfur spring in a ravine at Zacualpan in Veracruz, Mexico in 1906 or 1907 but was later described in 1923 by the German botanist Bitter who named it for Ernst Nussbaumer, the head gardener at the Bremen Botanic Garden in Germany.




Sedum pachyphyllum Rose

 Many Fingers, Succulents Water Plant, Blue Jelly Bean, Silver Jelly Beans, Succulent Beans, Stonecrop, Jelly Bean Plant



Sedum praealtum



Green Cockscomb
Sedum dendroideum subsp. praealtum, Sedum praealtum subsp. praealtum

Sedum praealtum is a tall, tree-like succulent plant. It can form a shrub up to 3 feet (90 cm) in height. Spatulate leaves are shiny lime green, often with red margins in bright light. The flowers are star-shaped and yellow in color.

When growing Sedum, keep in mind that Sedum plants need very little attention or care. They will thrive in conditions that many other plants thrive in, but will do just as well in less hospitable areas.
A common name for Sedum is Stonecrop, due to the fact that many gardeners joke that only stones need less care and live longer.

Sedum is easily planted. For shorter varieties, simply laying the plant on the ground where you want it to grow is normally enough to get the Sedum plant started there. They will send out roots from wherever the stem is touching the ground and root itself. If you would like to further ensure that the plant will start there, you can add a very thin covering of soil over the plant. For taller Sedum varieties, you can break off one of the stems and push it into the ground where you would like to grow it.

Native to Mexico.



Sedum spurium


Easily grown in average, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates some light shade. Likes sandy or gravelly soils. Needs good soil drainage to perform well. Drought tolerant. Avoid overwatering. Plants may be sited 12” apart when grown as a ground cover. Easily propagated by cuttings or division. Plants are evergreen in warm winter climates. Unlike some Sedum cultivars, ‘Red Carpet’ may be grown from seed.

very hardy


Sedum sieboldii

is an excellent groundcover plant, particularly for hot, dry sites with poor soil. This variety forms a flat, dense mound of blue green leaves. Clusters of pink flowers appear in late summer. Sedum sieboldii is well suited for the rock garden or edging in a dry border, also a good choice for containers.  
perennial deciduous
full Sun is best.



Sedum rupestre



This is a vigorous, mat-forming evergreen species with small gray-green leaves and terminal clusters of star-shaped, vibrant yellow flowers in summer. The drooping buds face upward when they open. It grows to 4 inches tall and 2 feet across.

Give this freely spreading plant room to grow; it makes a great groundcover and spills over walls.
Provide well-drained, gravelly soil in full sun. It can also take a bit of shade.
Take stem cuttings or root leaves in early summer; start seed in atume divide in spring.
Mealybugs, scale, slugs, and snails.

Tolerance : Frost Tolerant
Light : Full Sun to Partial Shade
Maintenance : Low

Plant Height : Under 6 inches
Flower Color : Yellow


Hylotelephium telephium

 livelong, frog's-stomach, harping Johnny, life-everlasting, live-forever, is succulent perennial groundcover  native to Eurasia. The flowers are held in dense heads and can be reddish or yellowish-white. A number of cultivars, often with purplish leaves, are grown in gardens as well as hybrids between this species a 
easy to grow good to -20


Hylotelephium spectabile

(formerly called Sedum spectabile) is a species of flowering plant in the stonecrop family Crassulaceae, native to China and Korea. Its common names include showy stonecrop, ice plant, and butterfly stonecrop.  Growing to 45 cm (18 in) tall and broad, it is an herbaceous perennial with alternate, simple, toothed leaves on erect, unbranched succulent stems. The star-shaped pink flowers are borne in flat cymes 15 cm (6 in) across, in fall (autumn). 
The specific epithet spectabile means "showy". 

This plant is valued in cultivation as drought-tolerant groundcover. Numerous cultivars have been produced. The species and the cultivar 'Brilliant'[ have both gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.



is a genus of about 40 species of flowering plants in the Crassulaceae family, commonly known as houseleeks. Other common names include liveforever (the source of the taxonomical designation Sempervivum, literally "always/forever alive") and hen and chicks, a name shared with plants of other genera as well. They are succulent perennials forming mats composed of tufted leaves in rosettes. In favourable conditions they spread rapidly via offsets, and several species are valued in cultivation as groundcover for dry, sunny locations. 
Houseleeks exist from Morocco to Iran, through the mountains of Iberia, the Alps, Carpathians, Balkan mountains, Turkey, the Armenian mountains, in the northeastern part of the Sahara Desert, and the Caucasus. Their ability to store water in their thick leaves allows them to live on sunny rocks and stony places in the mountain, subalpine and alpine belts. Most are hardy to-20

Sempervivium alex

houseleek a succulent perennial plant. It has a rosette with thick leaves that store water. The leaves are usually green with reddish-purple tips. This plant reproduces with asexual budding and monocarpic sexual reproduction.

Sempervivium calcareum


Sempervivum are very low-maintenance plants that require almost no attention. They can be left outdoors to spread of their own accord in a rock garden or sandy area, and they can even be grown on a roof or chimney side. Sempervivumdoes well inside as long as its placed in bright sunlight. They only grow to a height of about 4 inches, but quickly spread to a width of about 3 feet, making them ideal as a ground cover in a dry area. Sempervivums are fond of a sunny location but partial shade is also fine. Take into account that a Sempervivum needs at least half a day (4-6 hours) of sunlight. Too much shade results in dull colours and the plants become spindly. Make sure you plant them in free-draining soil because Sempervivums dislike excessive moisture. Stony ground ensures good drainage. In its natural state, Sempervivum grows mainly in very poor soil.

  Generally pest free -Diseases Generally disease free



 Sempervivum arachnoideum

 L. Origin:  Mountain of Europe from the Pyrenees to the Carpathians where many variations occur naturally. Common Names include: Cobweb Houseleek, Hens & ChicksEtymology: Its name arachnoideum refers to toarachnoids, or spiders for its furry central rosettes, resembling spider webs. Cultivation: Always an interesting plant and relatively  easy to grow in container or in the rock garden but resents winter wet. The 'cobweb' catches and holds the rain so that rot is likely to set in. Frost Tolerance: Hardy at least to -12°C (or less). After the plant blooms and sets seed it will die, but there will be many offsets to take its place. It need full sun to light shade and tolerates shade, but a sunny spot is nicest, though in warmer climates it needs protection from too much sun because it is not very heat tolerant.
Require a well drained succulent soil mix. It takes little water & could rot if watered too often. During the growing season, the plants are watered and allowed to dry slightly before watering again. Although they can take a great deal of drought, they seem to do better with regular (but moderated) watering. During the winter months, plants are watered very little.




Outdoors it will spread itself through narrow locations between rockery stones. It does not prefer rich loamy soil; gritty dirt with pea gravel suits it. Excess moisture can damage the plant in winter and it will benefit from being brought into the shelter of the greenhouse or cold frame.



Outdoors it will spread itself through narrow locations between rockery stones. It does not like rich loamy soil; gritty dirt with pea gravel suits it. Excess moisture can damage the plant in winter and it will benefit from being brought into the shelter of the greenhouse or cold frame.



is a genus of the daisy family (Asteraceae) that includes ragworts and groundsels. The scientific Latin genus name, Senecio, means "old man."

the genus Senecio is one of the largest genera of flowering plants. 
Some species produce natural biocides (especially alkaloids) to deter or even kill animals that would eat them.

The flower heads are normally completely yellow, but green, purple, white and blue flowers are known as well.



Senecio himalaya

Senecio barbetonicus "Himalaya"

Subtropical mountain climate
Minimal temperature: 2°C (35°F)
Optimal temperature: 26-28°C (78-82°F)
Recommended place: sunny
Soil: humus-peat-loosely
Plant form: shrubby, bushy
Height: 20 cm (7.8 in.)
Flower color: 
Repotting: every 36 months (3 years) Origin country: 
Origin territory: 


Senecio serpens


 is a small, evergreen, succulent perennial, branching from the base and rooting along the stems, up to 8 inches (20 cm) tall and up to 40 inches (1 m) wide. The prostrate stems hold short, sub-cylindrical, powdery blue-grey to blue-green finger-like fleshy leaves. The small flowers are white in color.

Senecio serpens

from 25 °F (−3.9 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C). 
Established plants are extremely drought tolerant. They do need some water, during the summer, but do not leave the soil wet for prolonged periods. Allow the soil to dry out between waterings in the winter, when they are somewhat dormant. Since they are growing in sandy soil, nutrients will need to be replenished. Fertilize annually, but lightly. Too much fertilizer will cause a lot of leggy growth.

Taller varieties can get floppy. You can prune them back to where the stem is firm, in very early spring. You can even root the cuttings.

Plants can be divided or repotted in early spring. If you are growing them in containers, they enjoy spending the summer outdoors. Wait until there is no danger of frost and move them back indoors in the winter

Native to South Africa (Cape Province).


Senecio haworthii,


native to South Africa, forms long, tubular leaves with densely flocked white leaves. Member of Compositae (Aster) family. Flowers are yellowish orange. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost. 

 Senecio mandraliscae (Blue Chalk Stick) is a spreading succulent from South Africa


Senecio herreianus

Senecio herreianus, native to Namibia, is a member of Compositae (Aster) family. Forms long pendant stems with leaves that look like oval green "beads" with vertical translucent lines or "photosynthetic windows". As with other members of the Compositae family, flowers are similar to broccoli florets and are actually compound flowers composed of many tiny flowers. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost.


Senecio rowleyanus

Senecio rowleyanus, native to Namibia, Africa, has pendant stems to 3' or more with unusual round "leaves" giving the impression of a "string of pearls". The plant is a superb subject for a hanging basket, and can be in the house in a bright airy room, or outside in a protected patio. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light with ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Less water during winter months. Protect from frost.



Senecio haworthii

also known as Woolly senecio is a perennial dwarf shrub of the Senecio genus that grows in South Africa
Its first description was written by Adrian Hardy Haworth,
The leaves are remarkably densely felted, so much so that the felt can be stripped off, dried, and used as tinder. The plant is accordingly called "tontelbos" in Afrikaans. The word means "tinder bush". Though its flowers are nothing special to look at, the plant is striking, easily grown, and fairly attractive; a plucked stem, or even a leaf, can be stuck into warm,or even ot-too-dry earth, where it will strike root without special attention. Like most Richtersveld plants it does not do well in wet soil, but is not in general a demanding garden subject. Senecio haworthii needs well-drained sandy loams, little water and full sun.



Lemon Bean Bush
Senecio barbertonicus is a perennial shrub reaching heights of 0.5–1.8 m.
An evergreen succulent with finger-like mid-green leaves, slightly curved and narrowing to a pointed tip.
The plant has a short flowering period, producing tight clusters of yellow blooms.


Senecio radicans
(String of Bananas) is a succulent houseplant. this species is closely related to the common String of Pearls, and is native to South Africa. It has multiple tendrils of glossy, banana-shaped foliage.

relatively hardy and easy to grow, is especially good for pots, hanging baskets, succulent gardens, and other areas in need of textural interest.

Senecio radicans is native to South Africa. Like most succulents, this species is frost-tender and cannot withstand freezing temperatures (below 32 degrees F), restricting it to areas where the annual temperatures do not drop below this point.

String of Bananas grows in long tendrils of attractive, banana-shaped leaves.
Individuals of this species have a prostrate growth habit with mat-forming stems 15–30 cm long. Its growth in long, matted tendrils makes the “String of Bananas” an excellent groundcover, as well as ideal for cascading over the edges of containers or hanging baskets.
Senecio Radicans makes an excellent houseplant for winter interest.
Grown for the shape, texture, and color of its attractive foliage rather than for its blooms,


 (Senecio vitalis)

The blue chalk fingers plant produces succulent blue-green leaves that resemble plump fingers reaching . Like most succulents, it requires minimal watering and almost no care once it's established in a pot or bed. Blue chalk fingers over winter it indoors
Blue chalk fingers rarely requires fertilization, and it only needs watered when the soil dries out completely.